Table 2.

Frequency of clinical manifestations in PAPS patientsa

Clinical Manifestation No. (%)
Arterial/venous thrombosis15 (93%)
Systemic hypertension15 (93%)
Renal insufficiency14 (87%)
CNS manifestations (stroke, seizures, chorea, infarcts)13 (81%)
Cutaneous manifestations (livedo, leg ulcers)9 (56%)
Pregnancy complications (recurrent fetal loss)3/6 (50%)
Cardiac manifestations (mitral valve thickening, vegetations)5 (31%)
Pulmonary manifestations (embolism, pulmonary HT, alveolar hemorrhage)4 (25%)
Nasal septum perforation1 (6%)
Adrenal failure1 (6%)
Thrombocytopenia 9 (56%)
  • a Abbreviations as in Table 1.