Table 1.

Vasoactive factors potentially involved in the regulation of renal perfusion in cirrhosis and in the pathogenesis of hepatorenal syndrome

Vasoconstrictors
  • angiotensin II

  • norepinephrine

  • neuropeptide Y

  • endothelin

  • adenosine

  • cysteinyl leukotrienes

  • F2-isoprostanes

Vasodilators
  • prostaglandins

  • nitric oxide

  • natriuretic peptides

  • kallikrein-kinin system