Table 4.

Predictive factors for development of hepatorenal syndrome in patients with cirrhosis and ascites

Slightly increased blood urea nitrogen and/or serum creatinine levels
Dilutional hyponatremia
Reduced free water excretion after water load
Low urinary sodium excretion
Arterial hypotension
High plasma renin activity
High plasma norepinephrine concentration
Previous episodes of ascites
Absence of hepatomegaly
Poor nutritional status
Moderately increased renal vascular resistive index