Table 1.

Relative risk for IHD among control subjects (FHS) versus patients >1 yr after renal transplantationa

VariableMenWomen
FHSTransplantFHSTransplant
aShown are relative risks (95% confidence intervals). A relative risk greater or less than 1.00 indicates a higher or lower risk for ischemic heart disease (IHD), respectively. For example, among Framingham Heart Study (FHS) men, the risk is 5% higher for each 1-yr increase in age. Reference risks for cholesterol levels, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, and BP are indicated by 1.00. Included in the model (but not in the table) were variables testing the effects of missing values (each P > 0.2). P values and confidence intervals for FHS coefficients are not indicated (10).
bP < 0.05.
Age (yr)1.051.06 (1.04 to 1.08)b1.401.10 (0.91 to 1.32)
Age2 (yr)0.9970.999 (0.997 to 1.002)
Cholesterol (mg/dl)
<1600.520.00 (0.00 to 2 × 1077)0.770.00 (0.00 to 0.00)
160 to 199 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
200 to 2391.192.39 (0.97 to 5.91)1.232.07 (0.25 to 16.99)
240 to 2791.662.02 (0.81 to 5.04)1.282.44 (0.30 to 19.86)
>2801.932.25 (0.88 to 5.76)1.711.84 (0.22 to 15.62)
HDL (mg/dl)
<351.641.02 (0.32 to 3.29)2.329.16 (2.18 to 38.48)b
35 to 441.281.37 (0.54 to 3.46)1.461.48 (0.42 to 5.24)
45 to 49 1.00 1.00 1.000.37 (0.04 to 3.29)
50 to 590.951.32 (0.53 to 3.28) 1.00 1.00
≥600.611.07 (0.45 to 2.54)0.650.99 (0.37 to 2.70)
BP (mmHg)
<120 and <801.000.25 (0.03 to 2.14)0.590.56 (0.13 to 2.54)
120 to 129 or 80 to 84 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
130 to 139 or 85 to 891.331.05 (0.46 to 2.41)0.931.26 (0.46 to 3.48)
140 to 159 or 90 to 991.681.19 (0.56 to 2.55)1.301.63 (0.64 to 4.17)
≥160 or ≥1001.861.47 (0.61 to 3.55)1.590.31 (0.06 to 1.56)
Diabetes mellitus (Y/N)1.532.78 (1.73 to 4.49)b1.825.40 (2.73 to 10.66)b
Cigarette use (Y/N)1.691.95 (1.20 to 3.19)b1.341.82 (0.87 to 3.81)