Table 5.

Multivariate analysis for patients with SLE nephritis versus matched control subjects (n = 52)a

ExposuresbMatched-Pair Odds Ratio95% Confidence IntervalP Value
aEach exposure was evaluated while controlling for the other exposures in the table.
bGasoline or other fuels, glues or adhesives, and dry-cleaning chemicals were not evaluated because the exposure was noted for <5% of the patients or control subjects.
Silica<0.01<0.01 to >1000.993
Smoking (previous or current)0.630.08 to 4.950.524
Pesticides or extermination chemicals2.2670.13 to 40.650.578
Cleaning agents, solvents, or degreasers1.170.14 to 9.980.889
Paint or paint products1.010.04 to 26.20.994