Table 1.

Characteristics of the US population, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III 1988 to 1994, by sex

VariableMaleFemaleP
a Mean ± SEM. SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; BMI, body mass index.
Age (yr)a43.6 ± 0.446.0 ± 0.5<0.0001
SBP (mmHg)a124.5 ± 0.4120.4 ± 0.5<0.0001
DBP (mmHg)a76.4 ± 0.371.7 ± 0.2<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)a26.6 ± 0.126.4 ± 0.10.4
Race
    Non-Hispanic white76.6%76.3%0.4
    Non-Hispanic black10.0%11.4%0.001
    Mexican American5.6%4.5%<0.0001
Diabetes mellitus (%)4.55.80.01
Current smoker (%)32.025.3<0.0001