Table 2.

Characteristics of the US population, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III 1988 to 1994, by race/ethnicity

VariableNon-Hispanic WhiteNon-Hispanic BlackPbMexican AmericanPb
a Mean ± SEM. SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; BMI, body mass index.
b Non-Hispanic black and Mexican American race/ethnicity are compared to non-Hispanic white.
Age (yr)a46.1 ± 0.641.9 ± 0.4<0.000137.5 ± 0.4<0.0001
SBP (mmHg)a122.7 ± 0.5124.4 ± 0.40.003119.7 ± 0.3<0.0001
DBP (mmHg)a73.8 ± 0.275.4 ± 0.3<0.000173.0 ± 0.40.08
BMI (kg/m2)a26.3 ± 0.127.7 ± 0.1<0.000127.4 ± 0.1<0.0001
Male sex (%)48.545.10.00254.0<0.0001
Diabetes mellitus (%)5.06.90.0046.20.003
Current smoker (%)28.734.00.00223.30.0008