Table 4.

Multivariate adjusted odds ratio for microalbuminuria using the ADA-NKF definition and a sex-specific definitiona

VariableADA-NKF Definition of MicroalbuminuriabSex-Specific Definition of Microalbuminuriac
Age-Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)Multivariate Adjusted Odds Ratiod (95% CI)Age-Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)Multivariate Adjusted Odds Ratiod (95% CI)
a ADA-NKF, American Diabetes Association–National Kidney Foundation; NHW, non-Hispanic white; NHB, non-Hispanic black; MA, Mexican American.
b ACR ≥30–299 μg/mg in men and women.
c ACR ≥17–249 μg/mg in men and ≥25–354 μg/mg in women.
d Adjusted for sex, race/ethnicity, age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, and current smoking.
Sex
    male1.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)
    female1.47 (1.18–1.82)1.62 (1.29–2.05)0.94 (0.81–1.09)0.98 (0.83–1.16)
Race
    NHW1.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)1.00 (Reference)
    NHB1.64 (1.42–1.91)1.34 (1.12–1.61)1.78 (1.49–2.13)1.30 (1.11–1.53)
    MA1.36 (1.14–1.62)1.24 (0.99–1.54)1.41 (1.14–1.71)1.22 (1.03–1.45)