Table 1.

Recipient characteristics associated with preemptive transplantationa

CharacteristicOR (95% CI); Percent Having that Characteristic
Cadaver (n = 25,758)Living (n = 13,078)
a Results of logistic regression. Odds ratios (OR) less than or greater than 1.00 indicate a proportionally reduced or increased chance of being associated with preemptive transplantation, respectively. For example, recipients 0- to 17-yr-old were 2.5 times more likely to receive a cadaver donor preemptive transplant compared with recipients 18- to 29-yr-old. CI, confidence interval.
b P < 0.05.
Year of transplant
    19951.08 (0.94 to 1.24); 25.0%1.03 (0.91 to 1.16); 22.8%
    19961.13 (0.99 to 1.30); 25.2%0.98 (0.87 to 1.10); 24.4%
    19971.10 (0.96 to 1.26); 24.9%1.05 (0.94 to 1.18); 25.6%
    1998(Reference = 1.00); 24.9%(Reference = 1.00); 27.3%
Age
    0 to 17 yr2.48 (1.94 to 3.17);b 3.7%1.56 (1.33 to 1.83);b 9.9%
    18 to 29 yr(Reference = 1.00); 9.4%(Reference = 1.00); 17.9%
    30 to 44 yr0.98 (0.81 to 1.19); 28.8%1.02 (0.90 to 1.17); 33.5%
    45 to 59 yr1.04 (0.86 to 1.25); 40.0%0.99 (0.86 to 1.13); 29.2%
    60+ yr0.99 (0.81 to 1.23); 18.0%0.90 (0.74 to 1.08); 9.5%
Race
    White2.33 (2.03 to 2.68);b 65.5%2.39 (2.05 to 2.78);b 81.1%
    Black(Reference = 1.00); 28.2%(Reference = 1.00); 14.1%
    other1.06 (0.81 to 1.37); 6.3%1.18 (0.91 to 1.54); 4.8%
Gender
    male0.95 (0.68 to 1.05); 61.1%0.90 (0.82 to 0.98);b 58.1%
    female(Reference = 1.00); 38.9%(Reference = 1.00); 41.9%
Ethnicity
    Hispanic0.57 (0.49 to 0.67);b 16.2%0.50 (0.43 to 0.58);b 13.7%
    Non-Hispanic(Reference = 1.00); 83.8%(Reference = 1.00); 86.3%
Employment
    unable to work(Reference = 1.00); 35.7%(Reference = 1.00); 27.2%
    able to work1.42 (1.26 to 1.61);b 50.7%1.95 (1.74 to 2.20);b 58.4%
    unknown1.91 (1.63 to 2.23);b 13.7%2.56 (1.94 to 2.62);b 14.5%
Primary payer
    Medicare(Reference = 1.00); 61.6%(Reference = 1.00); 38.2%
    private4.77 (4.26 to 5.32);b 28.9%3.55 (3.19 to 3.96);b 52.3%
    other3.68 (3.13 to 4.32);b 9.5%2.90 (2.46 to 3.42);b 9.5%
Education
    no college degree(Reference = 1.00); 51.7%(Reference = 1.00); 58.8%
    college degree1.34 (1.17 to 1.54);b 11.2%1.27 (1.13 to 1.43);b 15.7%
    unknown1.00 (0.89 to 1.12); 37.2%1.06 (0.96 to 1.18); 25.6%
Cause of kidney failure
    type 1 diabetes(Reference = 1.00); 9.4%(Reference = 1.00); 11.4%
    type 2 diabetes0.76 (0.61 to 0.96);b 11.8%0.85 (0.69 to 1.05); 9.0%
    other0.99 (0.84 to 1.17); 78.8%1.00 (0.87 to 1.14); 79.6%
HLA mismatches
    0(Reference = 1.00); 12.7%(Reference = 1.00); 14.8%
    10.83 (0.64 to 1.08); 3.6%0.92 (0.76 to 1.11); 7.9%
    20.82 (0.69 to 0.99);b 11.5%0.98 (0.85 to 1.13); 21.6%
    30.79 (0.68 to 0.93);b 22.2%0.94 (0.82 to 1.07); 30.0%
    40.77 (0.66 to 0.90);b 23.4%0.99 (0.81 to 1.19); 8.8%
    50.79 (0.67 to 0.95);b 15.6%0.79 (0.65 to 0.96);b 8.2%
    60.87 (0.70 to 1.09); 7.2%0.75 (0.58 to 0.97);b 3.9%
    unknown1.35 (1.07 to 1.72); 3.8%0.79 (0.62 to 1.00); 4.8%