Table 3.

Smoking-associated risk of terminal renal failure (stratified for angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitor treatment and adjusted for systolic BP) in 144 male patients with IgA glomerulonephritis or autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (44)

Pack-YearsACE InhibitorNo ACE Inhibitor
OR95% CIPaOR95% CIPa
a Wald χ2.
<51.01.0
>51.40.3 to 7.10.6510.12.3 to 450.002