Table 3.

Univariate OR for the presence of proteinuriaa

Clinical FeatureUnivariate OR95% CIP Value
a OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; ref, reference value.
b In the subgroup with available family history data.
Gender (F/M)0.90.8 to 1.00.074
Race (Chinese = ref)
    Indian1.00.9 to 1.20.937
    other0.80.6 to 1.00.058
    Malay1.61.5 to 1.8<0.0001
Age (≤30 yr = ref)
    31 to 40 yr1.41.3 to 1.7<0.0001
    41 to 50 yr2.42.2 to 2.7<0.0001
    51 to 60 yr3.43.0 to 4.0<0.0001
    ≥61 yr7.96.8 to 9.2<0.0001
Prior diabetes mellitus (yes versus no)5.95.1 to 6.8<0.0001
Prior hypertension (yes versus no)5.24.8 to 5.8<0.0001
Prior renal disease (yes versus no)5.74.9 to 6.2<0.0001
BMI
    ≤18.0 kg/m21.20.9 to 1.50.232
    18.0 to 22.99 kg/m2refrefref
    23.00 to 24.99 kg/m21.21.2 to 1.6<0.0001
    25.00 to 27.49 kg/m21.81.8 to 2.3<0.0001
    27.50 to 29.99 kg/m22.52.5 to 3.3<0.0001
    ≥30.00 kg/m24.34.4 to 5.7<0.0001
SBP (≤109 mmHg = ref)
    110 to 129 mmHg1.41.2 to 1.6<0.0001
    130 to 139 mmHg2.42.0 to 2.8<0.0001
    140 to 159 mmHg4.63.9 to 5.3<0.0001
    160 to 179 mmHg9.47.8 to 11.5<0.0001
    180 to 199 mmHg18.113.9 to 23.6<0.0001
    ≥200 mmHg31.421.4 to 46.1<0.0001
DBP (≤79 mmHg = ref)
    80 to 89 mmHg1.91.7 to 2.1<0.0001
    90 to 99 mmHg4.13.6 to 4.6<0.0001
    100 to 109 mmHg6.55.5 to 7.7<0.0001
    110 to 119 mmHg10.87.8 to 14.9<0.0001
    ≥120 mmHg42.226.7 to 66.7<0.0001
Hematuria (yes versus no)3.43.1 to 3.8<0.0001
Glycosuria (yes versus no)3.63.1 to 4.2<0.0001
FDMb (yes versus no)1.11.0 to 1.20.0908
FHTNb (yes versus no)1.31.2 to 1.4<0.0001
FKDb (yes versus no)2.52.1 to 3.0<0.0001
Cluster of family historiesb (versus none)
    FDM + FHTN + FKD2.01.4 to 2.80.0002
    FDM + FHTN1.21.0 to 1.40.0211
    FDM + FKD2.41.6 to 3.6<0.0001
    FHTN + FKD3.02.2 to 4.2<0.0001
    FDM only1.10.9 to 1.30.5031
    FHTN only1.31.2 to 1.5<0.0001
    FKD only3.12.4 to 4.1<0.0001
Smoking (yes versus no)0.9960.9 to 1.10.940