Table 5.

Multivariate OR for the presence of proteinuria in subgroup analyses according to racea

Clinical FeatureChineseMalays
Multivariate OR95% CIP ValueMultivariate OR95% CIP Value
a CI, confidence interval; ref, reference value.
b In the subgroup with available family history data.
Gender (F/M)1.00.9 to 1.10.9991.20.9 to 1.50.204
Age (≤30 yr = ref)
    31 to 40 yr1.21.0 to 1.40.0840.70.5 to 1.00.065
    41 to 50 yr1.41.2 to 1.7<0.00010.70.5 to 1.00.036
    51 to 60 yr1.71.4 to 2.0<0.00010.60.4 to 1.00.033
    ≥61 yr3.52.8 to 4.4<0.00010.80.4 to 1.60.623
Prior diabetes mellitus (yes versus no)1.91.5 to 2.5<0.00012.71.7 to 4.3<0.0001
Prior hypertension (yes versus no)1.91.7 to 2.2<0.00011.30.9 to 1.80.165
Prior renal disease (yes versus no)3.52.8 to 4.3<0.00014.62.6 to 1.80.165
BMI
    ≤18.0 kg/m21.41.1 to 1.90.0170.70.5 to 2.20.537
    18.01 to 22.99 kg/m2refrefrefrefrefref
    23.00 to 24.99 kg/m21.10.9 to 1.30.4640.80.5 to 1.30.400
    25.00 to 27.49 kg/m21.51.3 to 1.7<0.00011.00.7 to 1.60.819
    27.50 to 29.99 kg/m21.71.4 to 2.0<0.00011.40.9 to 2.10.133
    ≥30.00 kg/m22.62.2 to 3.2<0.00012.11.4 to 3.0<0.0001
SBP (≤109 mmHg = ref)
    110 to 129 mmHg1.10.9 to 1.30.3681.50.9 to 2.40.121
    130 to 139 mmHg1.31.0 to 1.70.0231.70.9 to 3.00.097
    140 to 159 mmHg1.41.1 to 1.80.0103.31.8 to 6.1<0.0001
    160 to 179 mmHg1.71.2 to 2.30.0025.02.4 to 10.7<0.0001
    180 to 199 mmHg2.41.6 to 3.8<0.00019.73.7 to 25.7<0.0001
    ≥200 mmHg2.81.5 to 5.40.00210.62.9 to 39.1<0.0001
DBP (≤79 mmHg = ref)
    80 to 89 mmHg1.10.9 to 1.30.3861.30.9 to 1.90.163
    90 to 99 mmHg1.51.2 to 1.8<0.00011.71.1 to 2.70.030
    100 to 109 mmHg1.61.2 to 2.20.0021.81.0 to 3.30.875
    110 to 119 mmHg2.01.2 to 3.30.0060.90.3 to 3.00.875
    ≥120 mmHg3.41.5 to 7.90.00511.32.9 to 44.0<0.0001
Hematuria (yes versus no)2.72.4 to 3.1<0.00013.62.8 to 4.8<0.0001
Glycosuria (yes versus no)1.41.1 to 1.70.0041.71.1 to 2.50.013
Cluster of family historiesb (versus none)
    FDM + FHTN + FKD1.30.9 to 2.00.2041.00.4 to 2.50.969
    FDM + FHTN1.00.8 to 1.20.6230.80.5 to 1.30.463
    FDM + FKD1.71.1 to 2.90.0311.80.6 to 5.10.272
    FHTN + FKD1.61.0 to 2.40.0293.31.5 to 7.30.004
    FDM only0.90.8 to 1.20.5861.00.7 to 1.50.964
    FHTN only1.00.9 to 1.20.6961.10.8 to 1.60.555
    FKD only1.91.4 to 2.6<0.00012.71.1 to 6.20.023