Table 1. Proven benefits of blocking the RASa

Patient TypeEvidence of Benefit
a CAD, coronary artery disease; LVD, left ventricular dysfunction; MI, myocardial infarction.
b Hypertension with LVD or DM.
Hypertensionb↓ Mortality↓ Heart failure↓ Ischemic events
High-risk patients↓ Mortality↓ Heart failure↓ Ischemic events
CAD without LVD↓ Mortality↓ Heart failure↓ Ischemic events
Acute MI↓ Mortality↓ Heart failure
LVD↓ Mortality↓ Heart failure↓ Ischemic events
Heart failure↓ Mortality↓ Heart failure↓ Ischemic events
Renal disease↓ ESRD/mortality↓ Heart failure
Stroke↓ Mortality↓ Ischemic events