Table 1. Demographic characteristics at baseline in normotensive and hypertensive children with chronic renal insufficiency

VariableNormotensive (n = 1987)Hypertensive (n = 1874)
a Significant difference (P < 0.05) between children with and without hypertension.
Age, n (%)
    2 to 5a383 (19.3)457 (24.7)
    6 to 12876 (44.1)770 (41.7)
    12 to 17728 (36.6)620 (33.6)
Gender, n (%)
    male1278 (64.3)1147 (62.1)
    female709 (35.7)700 (37.9)
Race, n (%)
    white1257 (63.3)1108 (60)
    African Americana332 (16.7)383 (20.7)
    Hispanic290 (14.6)255 (13.8)
    other108 (5.4)101 (5.5)
Diagnosis, n (%)
    dysplasia324 (16.3)246 (13.3)
    congenital/familial946 (47.6)790 (42.8)
    HUS/systemic immunologic117 (5.9)157 (8.5)
    glomerulonephritis/focal segmental glomerulosclerosisa223 (11.2)323 (17.5)
    other377 (19)331 (17.9)