Table 2. Causes of death and fatal cardiovascular events in study patientsa

Causes of DeathTotal (n = 192)Valvular Calcification (n = 62)No Valvular Calcification (n = 130)
a Expressed as number (%).
Cardiovascular causes
    myocardial infarction4 (2.1)3 (4.8)1 (0.8)
    cerebrovascular accident6 (3.1)4 (6.5)2 (1.5)
    sudden death11 (5.8)7 (11.3)4 (3.1)
    arrhythmia1 (0.5)0 (0)1 (0.8)
    peripheral vascular disease1 (0.5)1 (1.6)0 (0)
    subtotal23 (12.0)15 (24.2)8 (6.2)
Other Causes
    unresolved peritonitis4 (2.1)2 (3.3)2 (1.5)
    other infections/sepsis12 (6.3)7 (11.3)5 (3.9)
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease1 (0.5)1 (1.6)0 (0)
    liver failure1 (0.5)1 (1.6)0 (0)
    malignancy1 (0.5)0 (0)1 (0.8)
    treatment withdrawal4 (2.1)1 (1.6)3 (2.3)
    subtotal23 (12.0)12 (19.4)11 (8.5)
Total46 (24.0)27 (43.6)19 (14.7)