Table 1. Population characteristicsa

Male n = 4070Female n = 3771
a Mean (SD).
b Median and 25th–75th percentile.
c Mann-Whitney test: equal mean rank for both sexes P < 0.001.
d t test null hypotheses: equal means for both sexes P < 0.001.
e Normal value in women <0.8 and in men <0.9.
UAE (mg/24 h)b10.4 (6.8 to 21.1)c8.2 (5.7 to 13.6)c
Age (yr)50 (13)48 (12)d
Systolic BP (mmHg)134 (18)124 (21)d
Diastolic BP (mmHg)77 (10)71 (9)d
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.3 (3.7)25.8 (4.7)d
Waist-hip ratioe0.94 (0.07)0.82 (0.08)d
Creatinine clearance (ml/min)112 (27)95 (23)d
Cholesterol (mmol/L)5.7 (1.1)5.6 (1.1)d
Glucose (mmol/L)5.0 (1.3)4.7 (1.1)d