Table 2. Census counts in millions, prevalence, and change in number of persons with diabetes mellitus, self-reported myocardial infarction and stroke, or neither condition in the United Stated for 1978 and 1991

Age Group (a)19781991Change (1978 to 1991)
Census Counts (b)Prevalence (SE)bCensus Counts (f)Prevalence (SE)cNumber in Millions (SE)d
Diabetes Mellitus (c)MI/Stroke (d)Neither (e)Diabetes Mellitus (g)MI/Stroke (h)Neither (i)Diabetes Mellitus (l)MI/Stroke (m)Neither (n)
a Data not available in NHANES II. Values were imputed based on average change in prevalence in all of the other age groups (Appendix A, panel 3).
b Estimated using the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1976 to 1980).
c Estimated using the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988 to 1994).
d Column (l) = Increase in number of persons with diabetes mellitus from 1978 to 1991; [column (f) × column (g)] minus number of persons with diabetes in 1978 [column (b) × column (c)]. Column (m) = Increase in number of persons with history of MI/Stroke from 1978 to 1991; [column (f) × column (h)] minus number with MI/Stroke in 1978 [column (b) × column (d)]. Column (n) = (f) × (i)–(b) × (e) = Increase in number of persons with neither comorbidity from 1978 to 1991; [column (f) × column (h)] minus number with neither comorbidity in 1978 [column (b) × column (e)].
30 to 4443.1950.014 (0.002)0.011 (0.002)0.975 (0.003)61.4200.030 (0.003)0.009 (0.002)0.963 (0.004)1.218 (0.204)0.046 (0.137)17.057 (0.238)
45 to 5422.8000.044 (0.005)0.042 (0.004)0.920 (0.006)25.7430.052 (0.007)0.043 (0.005)0.908 (0.008)0.333 (0.207)0.141 (0.170)2.411 (0.236)
55 to 6421.7030.066 (0.007)0.098 (0.007)0.847 (0.010)21.0060.112 (0.008)0.095 (0.008)0.819 (0.010)0.905 (0.228)−0.132 (0.213)−1.186 (0.250)
65 to 7415.5810.093 (0.004)0.145 (0.007)0.786 (0.007)18.2740.128 (0.010)0.151 (0.011)0.764 (0.012)0.875 (0.187)0.494 (0.221)1.711 (0.192)
75+9.9690.083a (0.007)0.238a (0.009)0.703a (0.011)13.4890.132 (0.007)0.226 (0.009)0.688 (0.010)0.949 (0.116)0.674 (0.159)2.273 (0.118)
Overall113.2000.048 (0.012)0.073 (0.014)0.889 (0.017)139.9000.069 (0.016)0.068 (0.017)0.879 (0.021)4.282 (0.430)1.224 (0.409)22.261 (5.971)