Table 1. Studies that suggest beneficial effects of statins, ACEI, PPAR-γ agonists, and vitamin E on risk factors for coronary artery disease in various patient cohortsa

StatinsACEIPPAR-γ AgonistsVitamin E
a ESRD, end-stage renal disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; CAD, coronary artery disease; CRF, chronic renal failure.
InflammationESRD (110)ESRD (104)DM (107)DM (118)
Oxidative stressDyslipidemia (119)ESRD (120)Obesity (121)ESRD (122)
Endothelial dysfunctionNephrosis (123)DM (124)Obesity (121)CAD (125)
Plaque stabilityCarotid stenosis (96)CAD (97)
OutcomeESRD (101)CRF (103)ESRD (116)