Table 1. Candidate gene variants in human DNP

Gene NameGene SymbolGene VariantChromosomeReference
Histocompatibility antigenHLADR3/4651
Angiotensin-converting enzymeACED/I1717, 20
AngiotensinogenAGTM235T152
Angiotensin II type I receptorAT1RA1166C353, 54
Aldose reductaseALR2Z + 2 allele722
Heparan sulphateHSPG2BamHI155
Apolipoprotein EAPOEe2 allele1956
Paraoxonase 1PON1T107C, Leu54Met,757
Endothelial cell nitric oxideNOS3’a’ allele758
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductaseMTHFRC677T159
Interleukin 1βIL1BT105C260
Atrial natriuretic peptideNPPAHpall (C708T and Scal)161
G-protein β 3GPB3C834T/Trp64Arg1262
Ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesteraseENPP1K121Q663
Glucose transporter1GLUT1Xbal/HaeIII164
Transforming growth factor β1TGFB1Leu10Pro, Arg25Pro, Thre263Ile1965