Table 2. Characteristics of the inception cohort of all new haemodialysis patients from April 1, 1999, to March 31, 2002

CharacteristicTotal n (%)AVF n (%)AVG n (%)Catheter n (%)
a Continuous variables presented as median (interquartile range).
b Diabetes proportion overall, not as the cause of ESRD.
c P < 0.05;
d P < 0.01;
e P < 0.001.
Total3752 (100)2261 (60)371 (10)1120 (30)
Countrye
    Australia3202 (85)2035 (90)321 (87)846 (76)
    New Zealand550 (15)226 (10)50 (13)274 (24)
Age (at ESRD entry, yr)e61 (48 to 71)59 (35 to 83)63 (43 to 83)63 (41 to 84)
Gendere
    male2295 (61)1514 (67)142 (38)639 (57)
    female1457 (39)747 (33)229 (62)481 (43)
Racee
    White2834 (76)1758 (78)291 (78)785 (70)
    Aboriginal/Torres Strait Is.329 (8)215 (10)18 (5)87 (8)
    Asian207 (6)130 (6)23 (6)54 (5)
    Maori/Pacific Is.336 (9)27 (1)33 (9)22 (2)
    other55 (1)131 (6)6 (2)172 (15)
BMI (kg/m2)c
    <20433 (13)261 (12)32 (9)140 (13)
    20 to 24.91467 (39)897 (40)139 (38)431 (39)
    25 to 29.91065 (28)659 (30)96 (27)310 (28)
    ≥30720 (20)412 (18)95 (26)213 (19)
Late referrale941 (25)422 (19)89 (24)430 (38)
Cigarette smokingd
    never1736 (46)1027 (45)209 (56)500 (45)
    current482 (13)282 (12)38 (10)162 (14)
    former1534 (41)952 (43)124 (33)458 (41)
Cause of ESRDe
    diabetes mellitus943 (25)502 (22)102 (27)339 (30)
    glomerulonephritis1109 (30)730 (32)89 (24)290 (26)
    hypertension450 (12)244 (11)47 (13)159 (14)
    APCKD260 (7)201 (9)25 (7)34 (3)
    other990 (26)584 (26)108 (29)298 (27)
Diabetes mellitusbe
    type I118 (3)63 (3)18 (5)37 (3)
    type II1194 (32)635 (28)126 (34)433 (39)
Coronary artery diseasee1465 (39)803 (36)166 (48)496 (44)
Peripheral vascular diseasee999 (27)508 (22)116 (31)375 (33)
Cerebrovascular diseasee589 (16)294 (13)80 (22)215 (19)
Hypertensionc3194 (85)1952 (86)309 (83)933 (83)
Lung diseasee585 (16)304 (13)61 (16)220 (20)