Table 4. Hazards ratios for all-cause mortality of catheters versus AVF (All P-values < 0.001 except where indicated)

ModelDuration of Dialysisb Hazard Ratio (95% CI)a
0 to 59 d60 to 119 d120 to 180 d
PS, Propensity score.
a Native arteriovenous fistula is the comparison group.
b Refers to the duration of dialysis at the time of first ANZDATA entry.
c Stratified for the presence coronary artery disease and adjusted for age, gender, late referral, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebral vascular disease.
d Stratified for the presence coronary artery disease and adjusted for age, gender, late referral, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebral vascular disease plus propensity score.
e AVF, n = 626; catheter, n = 855.
f n = 643.
g n = 433.
h P < 0.05.
i n = 403.
Crude2.88 (2.14 to 3.87)2.90 (2.13 to 3.94)4.00 (2.96 to 5.41)
Adjustedc2.46 (1.81 to 3.33)2.36 (1.71 to 3.26)3.84 (2.81 to 5.25)
Adjusted + PSd2.29 (1.66 to 3.17)2.31 (1.60 to 3.32)3.32 (2.32 to 4.74)
PS Matched Cohort (n = 1479e)2.53 (1.54 to 4.18)f1.66 (1.08 to 2.56)g,h2.77 (1.81 to 4.23)i