Table 2.

Trends in prevalence (SE) of micro- and macroalbuminuriaa by demographic characteristics for adults age 20 years and older: NHANES 1988 to 1994 and 1999 to 2000b

Survey YearOverallAlbuminuria
NU.S. Population (%)NoneMicroalbuminuriaMacroalbuminuria
Total1988–199414,319100.091.8 (0.40)7.1 (0.36)1.1 (0.12)
1999–20003751100.089.9 (0.69)8.8 (0.62)1.3 (0.25)
GenderMale1988–1994711950.892.9 (0.52)5.8 (0.49)1.3 (0.16)
1999–2000188850.091.0 (0.75)7.3 (0.68)1.7 (0.44)
Female1988–1994720049.290.7 (0.58)8.3 (0.53)1.0 (0.13)
1999–2000186350.088.7 (1.04)10.4 (0.92)0.9 (0.28)
Age (yr)20–391988–1994560143.796.1 (0.46)3.6 (0.47)0.4 (0.09)
1999–2000118943.093.4 (1.02)5.9 (0.86)0.7 (0.31)c
40–591988–1994401832.993.0 (0.60)6.0 (0.52)1.0 (0.23)
1999–2000114335.091.6 (1.04)7.7 (1.09)0.7 (0.32)c
60–691988–1994212812.186.6 (1.31)11.5 (1.15)1.9 (0.34)
1999–200068011.585.6 (1.75)11.2 (1.67)3.2 (0.83)
70+1988–1994257211.377.7 (1.15)18.8 (1.03)3.5 (0.48)
1999–200073910.574.1 (2.30)22.0 (2.34)3.9 (0.67)
RaceNon-Hispanic white1988–1994600676.992.3 (0.51)6.8 (0.45)0.9 (0.13)
1999–2000170371.990.7 (0.83)8.3 (0.80)1.0 (0.24)
Non-Hispanic black1988–1994382310.388.5 (0.42)9.0 (0.45)2.5 (0.27)
1999–200070510.387.9 (1.24)9.7 (0.96)2.4 (0.61)
Mexican American1988–199439125.092.0 (0.54)6.5 (0.43)1.5 (0.26)
1999–200010236.390.4 (1.00)8.0 (0.92)1.5 (0.38)
Other1988–19945787.990.9 (1.85)7.8 (1.68)1.3 (0.59)c
1999–200032011.586.2 (3.33)11.6 (2.48)2.2 (1.41)c
  • a Microalbuminuria defined as 30 ≤ ACR < 300 mg/g; Macroalbuminuria defined as ACR ≥ 300 mg/g.

  • b Excludes individuals with missing GFR, GFR < 15 ml/min per 1.73 m2, missing ACR data, and women who were pregnant or in menses.

  • c Does not meet the standards for statistical reliability and precision (relative SE > 30%).