Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the pooled diabetic cohort, stratified by the presence or absence of anemiaa

No Anemia (n = 2770)Anemia (n = 245)
Demographics (%)
    age (yr)62.4 ± 10.2b63.9 ± 10.9b
    male49.239.6
    white72.635.5
    high school graduate64.849.0
    medical history (%)
    CVD27.8c31.4c
    hypertension69.680.8
Lifestyle (%)
    currently smokes20.510.2
    currently drinks41.822.4
Physical characteristics
    BMI (kg/m2)29.9 ± 5.4c29.5 ± 5.6c
    systolic BP (mmHg)134.2 ± 20.8139.0 ± 25.3
    diastolic BP (mmHg)74.5 ± 11.871.7 ± 13.1
    LVH (%)4.2c6.6c
Laboratory results
    creatinine, calibrated     (mg/dl)0.9 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.6
    GFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)90.0 ± 26.381.3 ± 31.8
    total cholesterol (mg/dl)219.0 ± 47.7208.7 ± 49.4
    HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)44.8 ± 14.0b46.9 ± 14.9b
    hematocrit (% packed     cell volume)43.4 ± 3.834.8 ± 2.5
    CKD (%)12.429.0
  • a Data are presented as mean ± SD or %. CVD, cardiovascular disease; BMI, body mass index; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy; CKD, chronic kidney disease.

    Statistical tests of comparison are for no anemia versus anemia. All P values are <0.01 except as follows:

  • b P = 0.02,

  • c P > 0.05.