Controls | CKD | Dialysis | Rtx | |
---|---|---|---|---|

CCA IMT (mm) | 0.39 ±0.04^{c},^{d},^{e} | 0.44 ±0.06^{b},^{d} | 0.48 ±0.05^{b},^{c},^{e} | 0.43 ±0.05^{b},^{d} |

SDS | 0.03 ±1.0^{c},^{d},^{e} | 1.3 ±1.7^{b},^{d} | 3.1 ±2^{b},^{c},^{e} | 1.0 ±1.2^{b},^{d} |

CCA WCSA (mm^{2}) | 6.6 ±1^{c},^{d},^{e} | 7.7 ±1.9^{b},^{d} | 9.2 ±1.6^{b},^{c},^{e} | 8.2 ±1.4^{b},^{d} |

SDS | 0.0 ±1.0^{c},^{d},^{e} | 1. ±1.5^{b},^{d} | 2.6 ±1.3^{b},^{c},^{e} | 1.73 ±1.48^{b},^{d} |

Systolic CCA diameter (mm) | 5.9 ±0.5^{d},^{e} | 6.0 ±0.6^{d},^{e} | 6.5 ±0.8^{b},^{c} | 6.4 ±0.9^{b},^{d} |

SDS | 0.0 ±1.0^{d},^{e} | 0.18 ±1.20^{d},^{e} | 1.17 ±1.28^{b},^{c} | 0.90 ±1.61^{b},^{d} |

Diastolic CCA diameter (mm) | 4.9 ±0.5^{d},^{e} | 5.1 ±0.5^{d},^{e} | 5.7 ±0.7^{b},^{c} | 5.5 ±0.8^{b},^{d} |

SDS | 0.01 ±1.0^{d},^{e} | 0.36 ±1.16^{d},^{e} | 1.52 ±1.49^{b},^{c} | 1.16 ±1.78^{b},^{d} |

CCA LCSA (mm^{2}) | 19.2 ±3.7^{d},^{e} | 20.4 ±5.2^{d},^{e} | 25.4 ±6.9^{b},^{c} | 25.4 ±7.0^{b},^{d} |

SDS | 0.01 ±1.0^{d},^{e} | 0.36 ±1.16^{d},^{e} | 1.52 ±1.49^{b},^{c} | 1.16 ±1.78^{b},^{d} |

CCA WCSA/CCA LCSA | 0.35 ±0.05^{c},^{d} | 0.38 ±0.05^{e} | 0.37 ±0.05 | 0.35 ±0.04 |

Femoral artery IMT (mm) | 0.33 ±0.06^{c},^{d} | 0.36 ±0.07^{b} | 0.37 ±0.05^{b} | 0.35 ±0.05 |

SDS | 0.06 ±1.1^{c},^{d} | 1.2 ±2^{b} | 1.44 ±1.9^{b},^{e} | 0.7 ±1.4^{d} |

↵

^{a}Data are given as mean ± SD of both absolute values and SDS relative to healthy control subjects (see the Materials and Methods section). Superscript letters denote statistical significant differences at 5% error level between groups:↵

^{b}significant difference from control group,↵

^{c}from CKD,↵

^{d}from dialysis, and↵

^{e}from Rtx group.CCA, common carotid artery; IMT, intima-media thickness; WCSA, wall cross-sectional area; LCSA, luminal cross-sectional area.