Table 1.

Conceptual description of CHIP-AE domains and subdomains

SATISFACTION: Composed of elements of satisfaction with one’s health and one’s self, includes perceptions of well-being and self-esteem as well as the respondent’s overall perceptions of his or her own health and attitudes toward it.Satisfaction with Health: Overall perceptions of and beliefs about one’s health
Self esteem-self concept, satisfaction with self
DISCOMFORT: Examines physical and psychological feelings. Symptoms reflect illness experience, which describes the manner in which people monitor their bodies and define and interpret their symptoms.Physical Discomfort: Assesses physical feelings and symptoms reflecting discomfort.
Emotional Discomfort: Assesses feeling and symptoms of emotional discomfort.
Limitations of Activity: Assesses restrictions of activity as manifested by absence from school and reductions in normal activities as well as specific limitations in mobility.
RESILIENCE: Includes states and behaviors that are known to reduce the likelihood of subsequent illness or injury. Resilience assesses aspects of positive health characterized by the existence of resources and patterns of behavior.Family Involvement: Reflects amount and time of family activities and whether the child reports the presence of a supportive adult
Physical Activity: Asks about strenuous activities such as running and involvement in team sports. In past 4 wk, how many sit-ups, how far did you walk at any one time without resting and without getting tired? Longest time you ran without stopping?
Social Problem-Solving: Assesses respondent’s preferences for solving difficult social situations.
Home Safety and Health: Includes items in the home that reduce the likelihood of harm, such as a smoke detector
RISKS: Includes states and behaviors that are known to heighten chance of ill health or injury.Individual Risks: Risky activities that the adolescent is currently doing (smoking, drinking, etc.)
Threats to Achievement: Assesses negative behaviors that threaten to disrupt social development, such as lying, cheating, disobeying at school
Peer Influences: Risky activities of friends (How many of your friends smoke, drink, etc.)
DISORDERS: Assesses both mental and physical illnesses as well as injuries and impairments.Acute Minor Disorders: Colds, tonsillitis, sprains
Acute Major Disorders: Pneumonia, broken bones, hepatitis
Recurrent Disorders: Ear infections, asthma, allergies
Long-Term Medical Disorders: Arthritis, diabetes, epilepsy
Long-Term Surgical Disorders: Scoliosis, vision and hearing problems
Psychosocial Disorders: Speech, eating, learning problems
ACHIEVEMENT: Assesses the extent to which social role expectations have been met in a developmentally appropriate manner.Academic Achievement: How does teen do in school. In past two school years, has respondent received award or prize at school, been on the honor roll, failed a subject, etc.
Work Achievement: Score not computed if respondent does npt work. For last month, asks about how often teen was late for work, absent from work, etc.
  • a CHIP-AE, Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition. Adapted from CHIP-AE manual.