Table 3.

Unadjusted and adjusted relative hazard (95% confidence interval) of mortality among 616 incident hemodialysis patients enrolled in the CHOICE Study, by type of vascular access

DeathsAVFAVGCatheter
Overall195
Unadjusted1.0 (reference)1.22 (0.84 to 1.79)1.67 (1.14 to 2.45)
    model 1a1.0 (reference)1.25 (0.87 to 1.81)1.67 (1.14 to 2.44)
    model 2b1.0 (reference)1.21 (0.83 to 1.76)1.53 (1.04 to 2.24)
    model 3c1.0 (reference)1.21 (0.82 to 1.78)1.47 (1.01 to 2.17)
Genderd
    men1051.0 (reference)1.29 (0.75 to 2.22)1.98e (1.16 to 3.38)
    women901.0 (reference)0.94 (0.51 to 1.72)0.96 (0.50 to 1.87)
Aged
    <65 yr801.0 (reference)0.94 (0.50 to 1.77)1.72 (0.94 to 3.14)
    ≥65 yr1151.0 (reference)1.46 (0.84 to 2.54)1.28 (0.73 to 2.22)
  • a Adjusted for age, race, and gender.

  • b Adjusted for variables in model 1 plus history of peripheral vascular disease, history of cardiovascular disease, presence of diabetes, index of coexistent disease, body mass index, smoking status, and education.

  • c Adjusted for variables in model 2 plus timing of referral to a nephrologist and insurance status at initiation of dialysis.

  • d Adjusted for all variables in model 3.

  • e P < 0.05 for interaction (men versus women).