Table 3.

OR of developing CKD over 9 years of follow-up by number of metabolic syndrome traitsa

No. of TraitsUnadjusted RR (95% CI)Age-, Gender-, and Race-Adjusted RR (95% CI)Multivariable-Adjusted RR (95% CI)
01.00 (Referent)1.00 (Referent)1.00 (Referent)
11.31 (1.03 to 1.65)1.16 (0.91 to 1.47)1.13 (0.89 to 1.45)
21.75 (1.39 to 2.22)1.62 (1.28 to 2.06)1.53 (1.18 to 1.98)
32.13 (1.66 to 2.74)1.83 (1.42 to 2.37)1.75 (1.32 to 2.33)
42.33 (1.67 to 3.25)1.93 (1.37 to 2.71)1.84 (1.27 to 2.67)
53.36 (1.89 to 5.97)2.69 (1.49 to 4.85)2.45 (1.32 to 4.54)
  • a Multivariable model adjusted for age, gender, race, education, BMI, ethanol and tobacco use, coronary heart disease, and physical activity. Model LR χ2 = 419.1, P < 0.001.