Table 1.

Demographic and clinical data of the 80 CKD patientsa

Age (yr)61.7 ± 19.2
Gender (%)
    male64
    female36
Race (%)
    white82
    black9
    Hispanic8
    Asian1
BMI (kg/m2)28.2 ± 4.8
Cause of kidney disease (%)
    hypertensive nephrosclerosis18
    diabetic nephropathy23
    glomerulonephritis34
    renovascular disease9
    autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease3
    other13
BP
    hypertension (%)80
    systolic BP (mmHg)131 ± 21
    diastolic BP (mmHg)70 ± 11
    mean arterial BP90 ± 11
Antihypertensive medications (%)
    016
    136
    227
    3 or more21
Anemia (%)29
Comorbidities (%)
    diabetes33
    coronary artery disease30
    congestive heart failure6
    current smoker15
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease14
Medications (%)
    erythropoietin21
    phosphate binders9
    diuretics49
  • a CKD, chronic kidney disease; BMI, body mass index. Continuous variables are expressed as mean ± SD.