Table 5.

Outcomes according to combinations of CKD risk factor and CVD statusa

GroupsCreatinine TestsbGFR Prevalenceb,cDiagnostic Accuracyb
GFR <60GFR <30
Renal FailureCVDn (%)d>6030 to 59<30SensSpecPPVNPVSensSpecPPVNPV
NoNo105,531 (38)16,355 (15)88.410.80.91098408939971199
AnyNo151,709 (55)32,378 (21)64.332.43.31097686638962498
AnyYes16,292 (6)4233 (26)46.445.48.21497865041943795
AllNo97,11 (4)2605 (26)52.241.86.01296735437942896
AllYes1605 (1)542 (34)39.149.311.61497874251955994
  • a Sens, sensitivity; Spec, specificity; PPV, positive predictive value; NPV, negative predictive value.

  • b Row percentages.

  • c Units of GFR are ml/min per 1.73 m2

  • d Percentage of total population (N = 277,111). Categories are not exclusive.