Table 2.

In-hospital mortality of patients with ARF between 1988 and 2002, by selected demographics and coexisting clinical conditionsa

ARFARF-D
1988 to 19921993 to 19971998 to 20021988 to 19921993 to 19971998 to 2002
Overall in-hospital (%)37.030.923.236.833.529.1
30-d in-hospital (%)32.927.921.331.028.224.7
Gender (%)
    male36.730.823.537.534.530.1
    female37.430.923.035.832.127.7
Race (%)
    white39.432.324.641.735.731.5
    black34.326.119.636.029.425.2
    Hispanic35.029.722.133.433.629.0
Procedures (%)
    mechanical ventilation69.162.256.369.963.360.2
    CABG42.132.924.364.447.941.7
    cardiac catheterization/PCI28.527.020.342.234.729.9
Diagnoses (%)
    sepsis56.351.345.459.756.252.4
    AMI55.947.237.856.949.842.6
    pneumonia53.945.036.054.349.143.5
    acute hepatic failure70.568.360.371.567.962.8
    acute pancreatitis39.635.427.451.045.537.7
    GI hemorrhage49.245.235.554.951.045.8
    ARF with CKD25.023.119.024.122.822.2
    ARF without CKD38.331.623.639.035.030.0
D-CI (%)
    028.222.417.325.123.120.4
    139.231.322.940.335.530.6
    240.632.323.942.835.929.6
    342.233.223.745.236.430.2
    449.737.728.249.542.036.1
    ≥550.543.436.446.944.142.2
  • a AMI, acute myocardial infarction; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; CKD, chronic kidney disease; GI, gastrointestinal; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention.