Table 2.

Potentially useful surrogate end pointsa

LVH and LV geometry
ECG alterations (ST depression)
Atherosclerotic vascular lesions
Microalbuminuria
C-reactive protein
New-onset diabetes
Reduction in renal function
Arterial stiffness
Endothelial dysfunction
  • a LV, left ventricular; LVH, LV hypertrophy; ECG, electrocardiographic.