Table 1.

Baseline characteristics by whether patients had an incident CVD event in 529 white CHOICE study participantsa

CovariatesCVD(n = 230)Non-CVD(n = 299)P
Age (yr; mean [SD])62.9 (12.0)55.9 (15.3)0.0001
Female (%)39.645.20.20
Smoking (%)
    former smoker55.244.8
    current smoker13.517.20.07
Baseline hemodialysis (%)76.574.90.67
ICED comorbidity score (%)
    level 0/121.340.9
    level 242.233.2
    level 336.525.80.0001
Prevalent CVD (%)67.434.60.0001
Congestive heart failure (%)62.236.60.0001
Diabetes (%)64.444.30.0001
BMI (kg/m2; mean [SD])26.6 (6.2)26.7 (6.5)0.80
SBP (mmHg; mean [SD])150.8 (18.9)147.1 (19.4)0.04
Cholesterol (mg/dl; mean [SD])185.4 (46.5)193.7 (50.0)0.05
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl; mean [SD])41.0 (13.9)41.5 (14.7)0.70
Albumin (g/dl; mean [SD])3.55 (0.37)3.68 (0.36)0.0001
IL-6 (pg/ml; median [IQR])5.35 (3.19 to 9.54)3.81 (2.40 to 6.08)0.0001
CRP (mg/L; median [IQR])4.71 (2.28 to 14.23)3.48 (1.60 to 5.87)0.0001
  • a Pvalues from t or χ2 test. BMI, body mass index; CHOICE, Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for ESRD; CRP, C-reactive protein; CVD, cardiovascular disease; ICED, Index of Coexistent Disease; IQR, interquartile range; SBP, systolic BP.