Table 2.

Association of kidney function (HR, 95% CI per SD) with incident hip fracture by gendera

ParameterWomenMen
HR (95% CI)PHR (95% CI)P
Univariate1.26 (1.14 to 1.38)<0.0011.27 (1.11 to 1.46)<0.001
Adjusted for age, race1.12 (0.97 to 1.30)0.131.19 (0.94 to 1.52)0.14
Multivariable adjustedb1.16 (1.01 to 1.33)0.031.14 (0.86 to 1.52)0.22
  • a Mean cystatin and SD are 1.09 ± 0.34 in women and 1.16 ± 0.35 in men. HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidence interval.

  • b Adjusted for age, race, height, body mass index, physical activity, gait speed, history of broken arm in the past year, vision problems, current smoking, diabetes, fall in past year, use of benzodiazepines, use of loop diuretics, use of thiazide diuretics, use of calcium supplements, log(CRP), and, in women, use of estrogens.