Table 2.

Rationale for CKD detection in people with CVD and CVD risk factor conditions

CVD is the most common cause of death in developed nations
CKD is more common in people with CVD and CVD risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia
CKD multiplies risk for CVD
Patients with CVD and CVD risk factors and CKD are more ill compared with those without CKD
    risk factor levels are higher
    risk factor control is more difficult
    CVD outcomes are worse
    Costs of care are higher
CVD risk factor management differs in patients with CKD compared with those without CKD
Treatments are available and effective
    to reduce CVD risk
    to manage complications of decreased GFR
    to slow kidney disease progression