Table 2.

Association between baseline ABI values and renal and cardiovascular outcome in multivariate analysisa

ABIProgression to ESRDAll-Cause MortalityCardiac Events
Per 0.10 ↓1.34 (1.21 to 1.49)1.08 (1.03 to 1.12)1.08 (1.02 to 1.14)
0.71 to 0.90 (reference category)1.001.001.00
0.51 to 0.701.20 (0.73 to 2.00)1.34 (0.96 to 1.85)1.15 (0.95 to 1.40)
0.31 to 0.501.66 (1.03 to 2.81)1.62 (1.14 to 2.30)1.41 (1.13 to 1.74)
0.00 to 0.305.81 (3.21 to 9.49)2.79 (1.75 to 4.44)2.64 (2.01 to 3.45)
  • a Adjusted for age; gender; clinical risk factors; BP; LDL cholesterol; glycosylated hemoglobin in patients with diabetes; baseline eGFR; propensity scores for statin and ACEI; and medication including β blockers, calcium channel blockers, aspirin, and diuretics.