Table 1.

Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients who were referred for dialysis treatment in Jaliscoa

CharacteristicAll Patients(n = 274)Patients Who Initiated Dialysis (n = 172)Patients Who Did Not Initiate Dialysis (n = 102)Pb
Demographic
    age (yr)49.1 ± 18.445.9 ± 18.154.6 ± 17.60.0001
    male159 (58.0)89 (51.7)70 (68.6)0.006
    residence in Guadalajara134 (48.9)88 (51.2)46 (45.1)0.33
    diabetes144 (52.6)86 (50.0)58 (56.9)0.27
Process of care
    referred by nephrologist12 (8.1)9 (9.9)3 (5.2)0.30
    self-referred126 (46.0)81 (47.1)45 (44.1)0.63
    admitted through emergency department234 (85.4)142 (82.6)92 (90.2)0.08
    ready-to-use dialysis access2 (0.73)1 (0.58)1 (0.98)0.71
    proportion with MDRD GFR <4 ml/min per 1.73 m2179 (65.3)113 (65.7)66 (64.7)0.87
Renal function and BP
    MDRD GFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2)3.9 ± 2.43.8 ± 2.34.0 ± 2.60.58
    serum creatinine (mg/dl)16.3 ± 9.216.7 ± 9.415.7 ± 8.90.40
    SBP (mmHg)148.9 ± 29.1151.40 ± 26.0144.7 ± 33.40.07
    DBP (mmHg)88.6 ± 14.889.7 ± 12.886.7 ± 17.50.10
Laboratory
    plasma hemoglobin (g/dl)7.6 ± 1.97.6 ± 1.87.6 ± 2.20.90
    serum phosphate (mg/dl)6.9 ± 2.66.6 ± 2.47.4 ± 2.80.01
    serum calcium (mg/dl)7.0 ± 1.57.1 ± 1.57.0 ± 1.60.47
    serum albumin (g/dl)2.6 ± 0.72.7 ± 0.72.4 ± 0.70.001
    serum bicarbonate (mmol/L)12.6 ± 5.713.5 ± 5.411.1 ± 5.70.0005
  • a Data are n(%) or means ± SD as appropriate. DBP, diastolic BP; SBP, systolic BP.

  • b For comparison between those who did and did not initiate dialysis by t test or χ2 as appropriate.