Table 3.

Unsatisfactory clinical response rate after 3 d of empiric antibiotic treatment in children with PD-associated peritonitisa

ParameterCefazolin/CeftazidimeGlycopeptide/CeftazidimeAny Treatment
Gram positive5/90 (5.6%)4/129 (3.1%)9/219 (4.1%)
Gram negative4/56 (7.1%)12/65 (18.5%)16/121 (13.2%)b
Culture negative4/92 (4.4%)2/59 (3.4%)6/151 (4.0%)
Any culture result13/238 (5.5%)18/253 (7.1%)31/491 (6.3%)
  • a Clinical response considered satisfactory when DSS <2 and effluent cloudiness improved. PD, peritoneal dialysis.

  • b Response rate significantly lower than Gram positive and culture negative (P < 0.05).