Table 3.

Rates of additional PSI among hospitalized patients with and without CKDa

PSINo. of EventsRate in CKDbRate in Non-CKDbaIRR (95% CI)cP
Technical difficulty with procedure15350.510.660.91 (0.80 to 1.03)0.100
Physiological derangement, medical and surgical admissions29,62815.7010.801.36 (1.30 to 1.41)<0.001
Aspiration pneumonia3760.770.570.91 (0.74 to 1.11)0.400
CABG after PTCA320.690.640.83 (0.45 to 1.50)0.500
Postoperative in-hospital MI6652.140.831.18 (1.05 to 1.34)0.007
Postoperative cardiogenic iatrogenic complications15053.312.101.11 (0.99 to 1.25)0.060
  • a CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; PTCA, percutaneous coronary angioplasty; MI, myocardial infarction.

  • b Events per 100 hospitalizations.

  • c Adjusted for age, gender, race, diabetes, CVD, and cancer.