Table 2.

Association between ESRD incidence and individual and neighborhood level factors, univariate and stratified by race

PredictorOverallWhiteBlack
Population EstimateNumber of ESRD CasesIncidence Rate per 1,000,000Rate Ratio (95% CI)Incidence Rate per 1,000,000Rate Ratio (95% CI)Incidence Rate per 1,000,000Rate Ratio (95% CI)
Individual level
    race
        white51,612,98515,020291REF
        black17,257,13519,74711443.93 (3.85 to 4.02)
    age
        20 to 3928,604,0153,596126REF53REF307REF
        40 to 4914,577,8854,6643202.54 (2.44 to 2.66)1342.56 (2.37 to 2.77)8312.71 (2.57 to 2.85)
        50 to 5910,887,7307,0526485.15 (4.95 to 5.36)3025.78 (5.38 to 6.21)19246.26 (5.96 to 6.58)
        60 to 697,058,9658,39511899.46 (9.10 to 9.84)66312.69 (11.86 to 13.59)336510.95 (10.44 to 11.50)
        ≥707,741,52511,060142911.36 (10.94 to 11.80)97618.69 (17.51 to 19.94)343011.17 (10.64 to 11.71)
    gender
        male32,853,34517,362528REF336REF1148REF
        female36,016,77517,4054830.91 (0.90 to 0.93)2490.74 (0.72 to 0.76)11410.99 (0.97 to 1.02)
Neighborhood level
    % below poverty
        <511,977,3952908243REF185REF730REF
        5 to 9.919,399,61071823701.52 (1.46 to 1.59)2511.36 (1.29 to 1.43)10011.37 (1.27 to 1.48)
        10 to 14.915,726,86568544361.79 (1.7 to 1.87)2951.60 (1.51 to 1.69)9581.31 (1.22 to 1.41)
        15 to 19.99,703,27060636252.57 (2.46 to 2.69)3732.02 (1.90 to 2.14)11441.57 (1.46 to 1.69)
        20 to 24.95,655,32547368373.45 (3.29 to 3.61)4732.56 (2.39 to 2.74)13001.78 (1.66 to 1.92)
        ≥256,407,655702410964.51 (4.32 to 4.71)5402.92 (2.72 to 3.13)14531.99 (1.86 to 2.13)
  • REF, reference.