Table 1.

Hypothetical schema of hemodynamic dysregulation in acute kidney injury

Hemodynamic StateCompensatedDysregulationTotal Cessation of Blood Flow
Clinical scenarioPrerenal azotemiaAcute tubular necrosisVascular catastrophe
Tubular injury0Rare-↑, focal↑↑↑
Biomarkers0-limited↑-↑↑↑↑↑
GFR↓-↓↓↓-↓↓↓↓↓↓-0
Clinical frequencyCommonLess commonRare
  • ↑, increase; ↓, decrease.