Table 3.

RR for cancer at all sites in relation to ACR at different periods of follow-upa

ACR Quintile (mg/mmol)Follow-up
0 to 4 yrStart by Year 4 and throughout Study
No. of casesRR (95% CI)aNo. of CasesRR (95% CI)a
0.00 to 0.34371551
0.34 to 0.47330.8 (0.5 to 1.3)591.0 (0.7 to 1.5)
0.47 to 0.66411.0 (0.6 to 1.6)741.4 (0.9 to 1.9)
0.66 to 1.11481.1 (0.7 to 1.7)711.2 (0.9 to 1.8)
1.11 to 24.82741.5 (1.0 to 2.3)981.6 (1.2 to 2.2)
P trend0.0100.003
  • a Adjusted for age, gender, BMI, inactivity, and smoking habits (never smokers, ex-smokers/<10 cigarettes/d, ex-smokers/≥10 cigarettes/d, current smokers/<10 cigarettes/d, current smokers/10 to 19 cigarettes/d, current smokers/≥20 cigarettes/d).