Table 1.

Demographic data according to left ventricular systolic function

ParameterSDa(n = 442)Normal ejection fraction(n = 2276)Overall(n = 2718)
Diabetes (%)676566
Hypertension (%)787676
Black race (%)565152
Male gender (%)75b5759
Age (yr; mean ± SD)50.0 ± 9.8c51.0 ± 10.951.0 ± 10.7
Low socioeconomic status (%)242324
Body mass index (kg/m2; mean ± SD)28.0 ± 5.1c29.0 ± 5.428.0 ± 5.3
Tobacco smoking (%)49b3941
Dialysis exposure (%)87b7980
Dialysis (mo; mean ± SD)20.0 ± 25.7b15.0 ± 22.916.0 ± 23.5
Previous renal transplant (%)877
Anemia (%)353535
Left ventricular hypertrophy (%)54c4044
Perfusion abnormalities on SPECT (%)39b1722
Serum Albumin (mg/dl; mean ± SD)3.5 ± 0.4c,d3.4 ± 0.53.4 ± 0.5
Serum Creatinine (mg/dl; mean ± SD)9.1 ± 7.3b8.1 ± 4.33.4 ± 0.5
LVEF by SPECT32.0 ± 6.4b57.0 ± 8.953.0 ± 12.5
  • a LVEF ≤40%.

  • b P < 0.001 between SD and normal EF.

  • c P < 0.05 between SD and normal EF.

  • d Serum creatinine conversion factor (from mg/dl to μ mol/L): 88.4.