Table 1.

Racial and ethnic disparities

Observed Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Minorities with early-stage CKD appear to progress faster to ESRD

  • Minorities with early stages of CKD are less likely to see a nephrologist

  • Minorities with early-stage CKD are less likely to receive cardiovascular procedures

  • Minorities are less likely to receive peritoneal dialysis than hemodialysis

  • Minorities are more likely to receive inadequate dialysis doses (improving)

  • Minorities are less likely to placed on the waitlist for a transplant

  • Minorities are less likely to receive a transplant (deceased, living related, or preemptive)

  • Minorities have worse transplant outcomes

  • Minorities in the general population are less willing to be a deceased kidney donor

No Observed (or Reverse) Race or Ethnic Disparity in Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Minorities get dialysis as often as whites

  • Minorities have better or equal survival on dialysis

  • Minorities on dialysis are equally likely to receive cardiovascular procedures