Table 1.

Comparison of risk factors among white, black, and Mexican American individuals with CKD

ParameterWhiteBlackMexican AmericanP
Age (yr; mean ± SD)58.4 ± 0.951.4 ± 0.946.9 ± 0.9<0.0001
Male gender (%)44.544.748.90.3200
Hypertension (%)52.160.240.5<0.0001
Total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl (%)63.757.754.80.0010
Diabetes (%)21.624.429.30.0200
Obese (%)29.935.638.30.0300
Current smoker (%)23.434.121.10.0002
Family history of heart disease (%)17.712.413.50.0100
Income <200% federal poverty level (%)34.566.671.9<0.0001
Education ≤12 yr (%)65.778.585.0<0.0001
No health insurance (%)6.010.632.6<0.0010
Go to particular place for health care? (%)89.483.772.0<0.0001
Stage of CKD (%)
    136.758.571.4
    229.422.318.9
    332.416.48.8<0.0001
    41.31.00.5
    50.11.80.5