Table 1.

Characteristics of the 8496 individuals at baselinea

CharacteristicValue
Age (yr)49.2 (12.7)
Male (n [%])4247 (50.0)
White (n [%])8333 (98.1)
BMI (kg/m2; mean [SD])26.1 (4.2)
Smoking (n [%])3215 (37.8)
SBP (mmHg; mean [SD])129 (20)
DBP (mmHg; mean [SD])74 (10)
Use of antihypertensive medication (n [%])1315 (15.5)
Cholesterol (mmol/L; mean [SD])5.6 (1.1)
Use of lipid-lowering medication (n [%])533 (6.3)
Diabetes (n [%])318 (3.7)
Use of antidiabetic medication (n [%])152 (1.8)
History of myocardial infarction (n [%])513 (6.0)
eGFR (ml/min per 1.73 m2; mean [SD])81 (15)
UAE (mg/24 h; median [IQR])9.4 (6.3 to 17.6)
UAE categories (mg/24 h; n [%])
    0 to 155983 (70.4)
    15 to 301270 (14.9)
    30 to 3001123 (13.2)
    >300120 (1.4)
  • a BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic BP; eGFR, estimated GFR; IQR, interquartile range; SBP, systolic BP.