Table 3.

Risk for ESRD in 2 yr after live hospital discharge, Medicare patients hospitalized in 2000

CharacteristicCases per 1000 PatientsHR (95% CI)a
Age (yr)
    67 to 708.001.00
    71 to 756.900.87 (0.74 to 1.02)
    76 to 805.650.72 (0.61 to 0.85)
    81 to 854.270.63 (0.52 to 0.76)
    ≥861.930.36 (0.28 to 0.46)
Gender
    male6.571.24 (1.11 to 1.39)
    female4.501.00
Race
    white4.351.00
    black14.232.23 (1.93 to 2.56)
    other10.131.66 (1.31 to 2.09)
Baseline diabetes
    yes11.482.24 (1.99 to 2.52)
    no2.991.00
Baseline hypertension
    yes7.071.91 (1.62 to 2.27)
    no2.041.00
Baseline CKD
    yes25.116.82 (6.05 to 7.67)
    no2.601.00
AKI
    yes43.356.74 (5.90 to 7.71)
    no4.101.00
AKI and CKD
    both AKI and CKD79.4541.19 (34.58 to 49.08)
    AKI only24.5213.00 (10.57 to 15.99)
    CKD only19.888.43 (7.39 to 9.61)
    no AKI or CKD2.081.00
  • a Obtained using Cox proportional models with adjustment for age, gender, race, diabetes, and hypertension.