Table 1.

Different markers of renal cells used in the study and their localization in adult healthy human kidneys

MarkerAbbreviationCell Type(s) (Healthy Kidney)Reference(s)
CD133CD133Renal progenitors, interstitial cells17,18
CD24CD24Renal progenitors, distal tubules17,18
Polycomb group proteinBmi-1Renal progenitors, distal tubules1618
PodocalyxinPDXPodocytes, endothelial cells23
Podocyte-specific PTPaseGLEPP-1Podocytes23
NestinNestinPodocytes21,23
Complement receptor-1CR1Podocytes, leukocytes22,23
CD45CD45Leukocytes17,18
CD31CD31Endothelial cells17,18
Wilms’ tumor antigenWT-1Podocytes17,18,23
Lotus tetragonolobusLTAProximal Tubules17,18
Aminopeptidase AAPAProximal tubules17,18
Na/Gluc1 cotransporterNaGluc1Proximal tubules17,18
γ-glutamyltransferaseγ-GTProximal convoluted tubules17,18
Na/H exchangerNa/HProximal tubule and apical membrane of thin and thick limbs of the loop of Henle17,18
Aquaporin-1AQ1Proximal tubule and descending thin-limb of the loop of Henle17,18
Aquaporin-3AQ3Connecting tubule, collecting ducts17,18
Thiazide-sensitive Na/Cl transporterNaClDistal convoluted tubule17,18
SynaptopodinSYNPodocytes23
NephrinnephrinPodocytes23
PodocinpodocinPodocytes23
HLA-1HLA-1All cells of human origin1719