Table 1.

Recent activity concerning COI and commercial bias

April 2007The Senate Committee on Finance report states that independent educational programs are used by the pharmaceutical industry for advertising
August 2007ACCME modifies definition of a commercial interest as it relates to joint sponsorship
November 2007AAMC holds a workshop on addressing COI with professional medical associations
December 2007ACCME clarifies policy on standards for commercial support (SCS)
January 2008Senator Grassley asks the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology for details on industry funding
April 2008The AAMC Task Force on Industry Funding of Medical Education releases recommendations for managing industry participation in medical education
May 2008The Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation publishes conclusions and recommendations from 2007 conference
June 2008ACCME, Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, and American Nurses Credentialing Center respond to Macy Report
June 2008ACCME publishes report on whether the literature supports evidence of bias in commercially supported CME
June 2008ACCME issues two “Calls-for-Comment” and informational items on new ACCME policies relative to SCS
June 2008ACCME provides statement to IOM
June 2008AMA considers resolution
June 2008American Association of Medical Society Executives responds to AMA resolution
June 2008Senate Special Committee on Aging requests information from ACCME
July 2008Pfizer changes CME funding model
July 2008Senator Grassley asks the American Psychiatric Association (APA) for details on industry funding
July 2008PhRMA revises “Code on Interactions with Healthcare Professionals“
July 2008ACCME initiates “formal inquiry” of several medical societies, including ASN
March 2009APA votes to eliminate industry-sponsored symposia and meals
April 2009Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) authors propose recommendations for professional medical associations' interactions with industry
April 2009The Independent Drug Education and Outreach Act (S 767/HR 1859) is introduced in Congress
April 2009ACCME issues calls for comment regarding CME designations and funding
May 2009IOM releases report on “Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice”