Table 1.

Baseline demographic characteristics of patientsa

VariableControlBicarbonate
Demographic
    age (yr; mean ± SE)54.77 ± 2.3454.78 ± 2.56
    male (%)5152
    white (%)5252
    black/Asian (%)4848
Diagnosis (%)
    diabetes3637
    hypertension2629
    CRF unknown1410
    glomerulonephritis1310
    obstructive uropathy41
    other712
Medications (%)
    loop diuretics6770
    moxonodine1517
    α blockers5759
    β blockers1719
    calcium channel blockers4850
    ACEIs/ARBs4850
    allopurinol30
  • aCRF, chronic renal failure.