Table 4.

Mortality rate during macroalbuminuria according to CKD stage at enrollment in the study and mortality rate after onset of ESRD according the method of renal replacement therapy

Person-years of ObservationNumber of DeathsMortality Rate (per 100 Person-years)
During macroalbuminuria (pre-ESRD)
    stage 1 (n = 97)9387 (4)b0.7 (0.4, 1.6)c
    stage 2 (n = 135)112511 (6)b1.0 (0.5, 1.8)c
    stage 3 (n = 122)73411 (10)b1.5 (0.8, 2.7)c
    stages 4 and 5 (n = 69)16800
After onset of ESRD
    dialysis began before 2001 (n = 56) (30)a34238 (27)b11.1 (8.1, 15.2)c
    dialysis began after 2000 (n = 83) (31)a18824 (17)b12.8 (8.6, 19.1)c
    pre-emptive kidney transplant (n = 23) (23)a1171 (0)b0.9 (0.1, 6.1)c
    ESRD without dialysis (n = 10) (0)an.a.7 (4)bn.a.
  • n.a., not applicable.

  • aNumber of patients who received at least one kidney transplant.

  • bNumber of deaths caused by cardiovascular disease.

  • c95% CI.